BS-Medical Lab Technology (BS-MLT) 4 Years Degree Program

WHAT IS MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGIST?

A Medical Technologist is a healthcare professional who performs Chemical, Hematological, Immunological , Microscopic and Bacteriological Diagnostic Analyses on body fluids such as Blood, Urine, Sputum, Stool, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), Peritoneal Fluid, Pericardial Fluid, and Synovial Fluid, as well as other specimens. Medical laboratory technologist work in clinical laboratories at hospitals, doctor's clinics, reference labs, biotechnology labs.

EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS:

Medical Technology (MT) typically earns a bachelor's degree in clinical laboratory science, medical technology. In most four-year medical laboratory degree programs, the student attends classroom courses for three years and clinical rotations are completed in their final year of study. In clinical rotations, the student experiences hands-on learning in each discipline of the laboratory and, under supervision, performs diagnostic testing in a functioning laboratory.

SPECIALTY AREAS:

Most Medical Laboratory Technologist is generalists, skilled in all areas of the clinical laboratory. However some are specialists, qualified by unique undergraduate education or additional training to perform more complex analyses than usual within a specific field. Specialties include clinical biochemistry, hematology, coagulation, microbiology, bacteriology, toxicology, virology, parasitology, mycology, immunology, bloodbanking, histopathology,cytopathology, genetics, cytogenetic labs. Medical Laboratory Technologists specialty may use additional credentials, such as "SBB" (Specialist in Blood Banking) or "SH" (Specialist in Hematology). Medical Laboratory Technologist can be certified and employed in infection control. These professionals monitor and report infectious disease findings to help limit iatrogenic and nosocomial infections. They may also educate other healthcare workers about such problems and ways to minimize them.

FURTHER EDUCATION:

A Medical Laboratory Technologist may pursue higher education to advance or further specialize in their career.

Master of Science, Master of Health Administration for specialization, education and management roles.

Doctor of Philosophy for management and directorship roles in the clinical laboratory as well as for academic research and professorship.

JOB RESPONSIBILITIES:

Medical Laboratory technologist work in all areas of the clinical laboratory including blood banking, chemistry, hematology, immunology, histology and microbiology. They perform a full range of laboratory tests ÔÇô from simple prenatal blood tests, to more complex tests to uncover diseases such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, and cancer. They are also responsible for confirming the accuracy of test results, and reporting laboratory findings to pathologists and other physicians. The information that a Medical Laboratory technologist gives to the doctor influences the medical treatment a patient will receive.

A Medical Laboratory Technologist analyzes human fluid samples using techniques available to the clinical laboratory, such as manual white blood cell differentials, bone marrow counts, analysis via microscopy, and advanced analytical equipment.

Medical Laboratory Technologist must recognize anomalies in their test results and know how to correct problems with the instrumentation. They monitor, screen, and troubleshoot analyzers featuring the latest technology available on the market. They performs equipment validations, calibrations, quality controls, "STAT" or run-by-run assessment, statistical control of observed data, and recording normal operations. To maintain the integrity of the laboratory process, the medical laboratory Technologist recognizes factors that could introduce error and rejects contaminated or sub-standard specimens, as well as investigates discrepant results.

Common tests performed by Medical Laboratory Technologist are complete blood count (CBC), electrolyte panel, liver function tests (LFT), renal function tests (RFT), thyroid function test (TFT), urinalysis, coagulation profile, lipid profile, blood type, semen analysis (for fertility and post-vasectomy studies), serological studies and routine cultures. In some facilities that have few phlebotomists, or none at all, (such as in rural areas) Medical Laboratory Scientists may perform phlebotomy on patients, as this skill is part of the clinical training.

ROLE IN HEALTH CARE PROCESS:

A Medical Laboratory Technologist's role is to provide accurate laboratory results in a timely manner. An estimated 60 percent to 70 percent of all decisions regarding a patient's diagnosis and treatment, hospital admission and discharge are based on laboratory test results.

NCS - University System provides state off the art laboratory facilities for the students of BS-MLT program in order to train them in context of the needs of hour. For this purpose, a well furnished lab has been constructed which provides following facilities to the students.

Clinical microbiology is a branch of medicine concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. There are four kinds of microorganisms that cause infectious disease; bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. A medical microbiologist studies the characteristics of pathogens, their modes of transmission, mechanisms of infection and growth. Using this information a treatment can be devised. Medical microbiologists often serve as consultants for physicians, providing identification of pathogens and suggesting treatment options. Other tasks may include the identification of potential health risks to the community or monitoring the evolution of potentially virulent or resistant strains of microbes, educating the community and assisting in the design of health practices.

Clinical chemistry (also known as chemical pathology, clinical biochemistry or medical biochemistry) is the area of clinical pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids. Highly automated analyzers have been provided for the students in this regard.

Hematology is the branch of pathology which studies diseases of hematopoietic cells. Hematopoietic cells originate from the bone marrow and contribute the cellular components of blood including red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes). Diseases of the hematopoietic system generally manifest as decreases (anemia) or increases (lymphoma/leukemia) in these cell types. Consequently, hematologists most frequently evaluate peripheral blood smears, bone marrow aspirates and biopsies to determine the nature of hematopoietic disease. The hematologist incorporates traditional microscopy with ancillary techniques including general laboratory values, immunohistochemistry to make the most accurate diagnosis.

 

IMMUNOHAEMATOLOGY, OR BLOOD BANK It determines blood groups, and performs compatibility testing on donor blood and recipients. It also prepares blood components, derivatives, and products for transfusion. This unit determines a patient's blood type and Rh status, checks for antibodies to common antigens found on red blood cells, and cross matches units that are negative for the antigen.

Refers to microscopic examination of tissue to study manifestation of disease. while Cyto pathology examine smears of cell from all over the body for evidence of inflamation, cancer and other conditions.

First Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
BIOCHEMISTRY PMS 101 3+1
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY PMS 102 3+1
HUMAN ANATOMY PMS 103 3+1
ENGLISH PMS 104 2+0
PAK STUDIES PMS PMS 105 2+0
COMPUTER SKILLS PMS PMS 106 1+1
 

Total

18

Second Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
BIOCHEMISTRY-II, PMS-107, 3+1
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY-II, PMS-108, 3+1
HUMAN ANATOMY-II, PMS-109, 3+1
ENGLISH-II, PMS-110, 2+0
ISLAMICSTUDIES, PMS-111, 2+0
 

Total

16

Third Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
GENERAL PATHOLOGY I PMS 201 2+1
G. PHARMACOLOGY I PMS 202 2+1
CLINICAL BACTERIOLOGY PMS 203 2+1
HAEMATOLOGY I PMS 204 2+1
HUMAN GENETICS, PMS 205 2+1
COMMUNICATION SKILLS PMS 206 2+0
MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY I (For non MLT students) PMS 207 2+1
 

Total

17

Fourth Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
GENERAL PHARMACOLOGY-II PMS-220 2+1
GENERAL PATHOLOGY-II PMS-221 2+1
RBCs DISORDERS PMS-222 2+1
CLINICAL VIROLOGY AND MYCOLOGY PMS-223 2+1
CHEMICAL PATHOLOGY PMS-224 2+1
BEHAVIORIAL SCIENCES PMS-225 2+0
HAEMATOLOGY-II (Non MLT students) PMS-226 2+1
MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY-II (Non MLT students) PMS-227 2+1
 

Total

17

Fifth Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
WBCs AND PLATELETES DISORDERS PMS-301 2+1
HISTOPATHOLOGY PMS-302 2+1
BIOINFORMATICS PMS-303 1+2
CLINICAL PARASITOLOGY PMS-304 2+1
CLINICAL PATHOLOGY PMS-305 2+1
BIOTECHNOLOGY PMS-306 1+1
 

Total

17

Sixth Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
MEDICAL LABORATORY INSTRUMENTATIONS PMS-307 2+1
BIOSTATISTICS PMS-308 2+1
IMMUNOLOGY & SEROLOGY PMS-309 2+1
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY PMS-310 2+1
BLOOD BANKING PMS-311 2+1
ADVANCES IN MEDICAL LAB TECHNOLOGY PMS-312 1+1
 

Total

17

Seventh Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
MEDICAL LABORATORY MANAGEMENT SKILLS PMS-401 2+1
FUNDAMENTAL OF INFECTION CONTROL PMS-402 1+1
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY PMS-403 2+1
EPIDIMIOLOGY PMS-404 2+0
SYSTEMIC DIAGNOSTIC BACTERIOLOGY PMS-405 2+1
CYTOLOGY AND CYTOGENETICS PMS-406 2+1
 

Total

16

Eight Semester

Subject Code Credit Hours
RESEARCH PROJECT PMS-407 6
SEMINAR PMS-408 1+0
MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY PMS-409 2+1
BIOETHICS PMS-410 1+1
 

Total

12
 
                                                        Total Credit Hours = 130 HEC Recommendation = 124-136
PARTICULARS TOTAL 1st Semester 2nd Semester 3rd  Semester 4th Semester 5th Semester 6th  Semester 7th Semester 8th  Semester
Admission Fee (Non-Refundable) 20,000 20,000 - - - - - - -
Tuition Fee 360,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 45,000
Registration Fee
(At actual KMU Fee Once)
3600 3600 - - - - - - -
Affiliation Retention Fee
(At actual KMU Fee Annual)
16000 4000 - 4000 - 4000 - 4000 -
Caution Money 5000 5000 - - - - - - -
Mid-Term Examination 24000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Semester Examination
(At actual KMU Fee)
0 - - - - - - - -
Miscellaneous Fee 32,000 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000
Grand Total 460,600 84,600 52,000 56,000 52,000 56,000 52,000 56,000 52,000

*Miscellaneous include Student Card, Library Card, Extra-Curricular Activities (Excluding Tour/Trip), overall (once at the time of admission)